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ICRP International

Conference on Recovery After Nuclear Accidents

Radiological Protection Lessons
from Fukushima and Beyond

December 1 - 18, 2020

L. Rozdyalouskaya

Updated: Dec 11, 2020

Regulatory Approach to Management of Radioactive Waste Generated During Remediation Activities in the Chernobyl Contaminated Areas

L. Rozdyalouskaya (Ministry of Health, Belarus)


It is known, that remediation activities in the areas, affected by radiological accidents result in generation of huge volumes of very low-level radioactive waste that can overwhelm national capabilities and be out of the existing national regulation requirements for the radioactive waste management. This may pose a challenge for adoption of adequate waste management strategy and application of regulations commensurate with the waste hazard. The Republic of Belarus faced the problem after Chernobyl Accident when performing remediation activity in the contaminated areas. The paper presents experience of the Republic of Belarus in overcoming the challenges and conflicts arisen in the process of development of rational strategy for safety management of remediation waste (RemW), its justification and optimization, bearing in mind the need for adopting advanced regulatory instruments of relevance to the management of RemW as well as ensuring public confidence in the trueness of regulatory decisions.

チェルノブイリ汚染地域での修復活動中に発生する放射性廃棄物の管理に対する規制アプローチ

L. Rozdyalouskaya (Ministry of Health, Belarus)


放射線事故の影響を受けた地域での修復活動の結果、国の能力では対応できず、放射性廃棄物管理に関する国の既存規制要件を超える極低レベル放射性廃棄物が大量に発生することが知られている。このことは廃棄物の危険性に見合う適切な廃棄物管理戦略の採用と規制の適用に問題を生じる可能性がある。ベラルーシ共和国はチェルノブイリの事故後に、汚染地域での修復活動を行う際にこの問題に直面した。本書では、修復廃棄物(RemW)の管理に関係する先進的な規制手法を採用するとともに、規制上の決定の誠意に対する公衆の信頼を確保する必要性を念頭に置きつつ、RemWの安全管理、その正当化及び最適化のための合理的戦略の開発過程で生じた課題と対立を克服したベラルーシ共和国の経験を紹介する。


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