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ICRP International

Conference on Recovery After Nuclear Accidents

Radiological Protection Lessons
from Fukushima and Beyond

December 1 - 18, 2020

S. Fesenko, N. Sanzharova

Updated: Dec 11, 2020

A Comparison of the Recovery of the Areas Affected by the Kyshtym and Chernobyl Accidents

S. Fesenko, N. Sanzharova (Russian Institute of Radiology and Agroecology, Russia)

The recovery of the areas contaminated after the Kyshtym and Chernobyl radiation accidents is compared. The challenges in the recovery of the affected areas related to the differences in exposure pathways, farming practices, environmental factors, the policy and remediation planning approaches adopted for rehabilitation of those areas are addressed. Differences in the remediation of the affected areas: (i) criteria used for remediation planning; ii) determination of the areas designated for remediation, (iii)environmental factors affecting recovery such as features of the land use and soil type are identified and discussed. Information on rate, extent and duration of remediation in both regions is given. Issues related to waste generation; remediation and management in the abandoned areas are considered. Main outcomes of remediation applied in those areas are also presented. Status of the most contaminated areas is described including current issues in the recovery and use of these territories.



S. Fesenko, N. Sanzharova (Russian Institute of Radiology and Agroecology, Russia)




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