ICRP International

Conference on Recovery After Nuclear Accidents

Radiological Protection Lessons
from Fukushima and Beyond

December 1 - 18, 2020

M. Govindan, M.P. Ram Mohan

Updated: Dec 11, 2020

Nuclear Energy and Indian Society: Gender and Perceptions of Nuclear Energy in India

M. Govindan (TERI, India), M.P. Ram Mohan (Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, India)

There are numerous studies that have examined the role of gender on differential risk perceptions on various aspects of energy, including those related to nuclear plants. Yet, few studies have explored the role of changing perceptions and the interaction of conditional factors in shaping the gendered effects, especially from a developing country. This paper examines the differences in risk perceptions and related reactions of both men and women living in the vicinity of Kakrapar Atomic Power Station in the Indian state of Gujarat. Although women’s disproportionate sensitivity to and lower tolerance of risks is embedded in the broad cultural milieu, the presence of the nuclear plant in their vicinity was not perceived as a larger risk than the possible flooding from the nearby dam or losing livelihood opportunities due to dwindling returns from agriculture. This study challenges the gendered binary thinking in nuclear energy domain.


M. Govindan (TERI, India), M.P. Ram Mohan (Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, India)